Jolly Fellows defies attitudes
Moscow – Magnificent in pink satin and ostrich feathers, a drag queen runs through a tumbledown Russian village, miming to Gloria Gaynor’s I Will Survive.
Just one of the startling scenes from Jolly Fellows (Veselchaki) – the first mainstream Russian movie about drag queens in a country where gays still face an uphill struggle to have basic rights recognised.
The bitter conclusion of the film is that survival is far from guaranteed.
The film, released on October 15, tells the story of five drag queens who perform at a Moscow gay club. They share tears, joy, lip gloss and countless vodka shots as they reminisce, before setting off on an ill-fated road trip.
Starring actors who are well known – but none of whom is openly gay – the film has secured a release in 72 cinemas in 12 cities. It is also set to play in Kazakhstan, Ukraine and the Baltic states.
In Moscow, where Mayor Yury Luzhkov has repeatedly blocked attempts to hold a gay pride parade, the movie is playing at 12 mainstream cinemas, including nine multiplexes, without a peep of protest.
A weekend audience laughed along with the film’s twists. One of the drag queens unexpectedly encounters his mother – only for her to promise to sew him a nicer dress.
In another scene, an older queen recalls how a Soviet-era official complained about his first drag performance – not because of cross-dressing, but because he danced to a record by a singer who had emigrated to the West.
But a sudden silence fell at the end of the film as the five drag queens encounter a group of homophobic thugs and are shown running toward them in a final act of bravery.
The implication is that they do not survive the attack, in a disturbing reminder of the dangers of openly gay behaviour in modern Russia.
The movie was "great", said one viewer, Sergei, making his way to the exit.
"I really liked the film. It makes me glad that for the first time, a film has been made on this topic," said another, Vladimir Frolov.
Frolov praised the actors for taking part. "It shows that they weren’t embarrassed to act in such an ambiguous film. For them it was a certain risk, since in Russia society is very strongly homophobic," he said.
So far the movie has had positive reviews in the Russian press, which has taken the film’s theme unexpectedly seriously.
The director "has made the first articulate film in our country that supports… gay people", Vremya Novostei wrote in a review headlined "Painfully Necessary".
"You fall so much in love with (actor) Ville Haapasalo in a Lurex dress that his character’s tragic end seems like a personal grief," Russian Time Out wrote, referring to a Finnish actor who works in Russia.
The director, Felix Mikhailov, came up with the idea for the film around 10 years ago, when he was working with a drag troupe, he said in an interview on Monday.
Mikhailov finally gained financing for the film and made it on a budget of $2m. He kept up his day job making television shows including a celebrity ice-skating contest.
Some of the characters are based on real people, Mikhailov said. A drag queen in Saint Petersburg whose daughter acts as his manager inspired one character, while a flamboyant drag queen Zaza Napoli gave hints on make-up and vocabulary.
Eastern Europe’s most famous drag queen, Verka Serdyuchka, who represented Ukraine at the Eurovision Song Contest in 2007 also got involved off screen.
The man behind the outrageous act, Andrei Danilko, wrote the music, including a show-stopping song Casta Diva, performed by a drag queen in a crystal crown and silver sequined bikini.
The director is not gay himself and played down the gay aspect of the film. The "human element, the people’s stories" are more interesting than the characters’ orientation, he said.
The movie wasn’t planned as a gay event, he said. "If they see it like that, it’s good that it happened," he said. "We didn’t put any of that ideology into it at the start."
Perhaps more surprisingly, he does not support the idea of a gay pride parade in Moscow. Mayor Luzhkov has said that society is not ready for the parade and has sent riot police to detain participants at unsanctioned protests.
"I think we don’t need it. Not because it’s good or bad. In our culture we don’t have the concept of a mass festival," he said. "I think even if it was permitted, it would look pathetic and cheap."
The parade organiser, Nikolai Alexeyev, said on Monday that he has not seen the film yet, but supports the idea of using mainstream stars to influence the public.
Last week, he organised a press conference where a pop star known for her raunchy stage act, Lolita Milyavskaya, spoke out against living in the closet and revealed that her uncle hid his sexual orientation.
A key figure in Moscow gay community, Ed Mishin, who publishes a magazine called Kvir, or Queer, said he "really enjoyed" the movie Jolly Fellows and believes it will have an effect – however small – on public opinion.
"When a good, fun film comes out, when it’s done with humour – and this is a kind, good film – it changes people, even just a little drop," he said.